In 2019, Morocco’s economy was ranked 59th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is dependent on the export of cars, insulated wire, fertilizers, phosphoric acid, clothing, vegetables, fish, fruits, and nuts.
In 2009, Morocco implemented the National Energy Strategy 2009-2030, which focused on the reduction of the use of fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas) and set a goal of generating 52% of the country’s electricity from renewable energy by 2030.
In 2016, Morocco signed the Paris Climate Agreement and committed to an unconditional 13% reduction on business as usual greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.
In 2020, Morocco’s state-owned utility, the National Office of Electricity and Drinking Water (ONNE) used renewable energy (34%), coal (31%), oil (25%), and natural gas (10%) to generate electricity in the country. Hydropower, wind, and solar are the primary sources of renewable energy in Morocco.
Recent renewable energy projects in Morocco include:
- 900 MW Wind Project – American renewable energy company, Soluna Technologies is continuing on a wind project, located near the city of Dahkla in territory of Western Sahara. The wind project is forecast to be completed by year-end 2027.
- 800 MW Solar + Energy Storage Project – The Moroccan Agency for Sustainable Energy (MASEN) is continuing work on the Noor Midelt project, which is located approximately 180 miles southeast of the capital, Rabat. The photovoltaic (PV) and concentrated solar power (CSP) project is scheduled to be commissioned by year-end 2022.
- 270 MW Wind Project – Moroccan energy company, Nareva Holdings and Italian energy company, Enel are continuing work on the Jbel Lahdid Wind Farm, which is located near the coastal town of Essaouira, approximately 100 miles west of the city of Marrakesh. The wind project is scheduled to be completed by year-end 2023.
- 87 MW Wind Project – French utility, EDF Renouvelables and Japanese multinational, Mitsui are continuing work on the Taza wind farm, which is located in northern Morocco. The project is scheduled to be commissioned by July 2022.
- 36 MW Wind Project – In May 2021, French power company, InnoVent Maroc commissioned the Oualidia wind farm, which is located approximately 125 miles southwest of the capital, Rabat.
Morocco imports approximately 90% of all its fossil fuels. Although oil and natural gas prices have fallen over the past two years, importing expensive fossil fuels undermines Morocco’s economy.
In Morocco, renewables are leading the way in quest to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improving the nation’s economy.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 Morocco – The World Bank Group
 Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank
 Morocco Energy Policy – World Bank Group, June 2018
 Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges
 U.S. Department of Commerce – Morocco Commercial Guide, December 10, 2020
 Moroccan Ministry of Energy, Morocco-Export-export.gov