Renewables Electrifying Senegal

Country Overview

The African country of the Republic of Senegal is bordered by Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, and the Atlantic Ocean. The population of Senegal is approximately 18.03 million people.

In 2022, Senegal’s economy was ranked 106th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is dependent on the export of gold, refined petroleum, phosphoric acid, frozen fish, and ground nuts.

Environmental Policies

In 2016, Senegal signed the Paris Climate Agreement pledging to an unconditional reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of 5% by 2030, compared to a business-as-usual levels.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 68% of the people in Senegal had access to electricity.  In 2021, Senegal’s utilities used refined petroleum (42.9%), natural gas (27.4%), renewable energy (19.9%), and coal (9.8%) to generate electricity. Solar, hydropower, and wind are the primary types of renewable energy in Senegal.

Recent renewable energy projects in Senegal include:

  • 158 MW Wind Project – In December 2019, Dutch power company Lekela Power B.V. commissioned the Parc Eolien Taiba N’Diaye wind project at a site approximately 45 miles northeast of the nation’s capital, Dakar.
  • 35 MW Solar Project – In June 2021, Engie commissioned the Kael Solaire project in the town of Diourbel, which is approximately 75 miles east of Dakar.
  • 35 MW Solar Project – In June 2021, French utility, Engie commissioned the Kahone Solaire project in the town of Kaolack, which is approximately 110 miles southeast of Dakar.
  • 30 MW Solar + 15 MW Energy Storage Project – French company, Omexom is continuing work on a solar plus energy storage project in the town of Niakhar, which is approximately 100 miles southeast of Dakar.
  • 30 MW Solar Project – In November 2017, French infrastructure company, Meridiam commissioned the Ten Merina, 29.5 MW solar project at a site approximately 75 miles northeast of Senegal.

Conclusions

In 2015, American company, Kosmos Energy announced a significant natural gas discovery off the coast of Senegal. A BP-Kosmos partnership is currently developing a liquified natural gas project of offshore hydrocarbon discoveries in offshore Senegal and Mauritania.

Senegal imports the majority of its fossil fuels (oil and coal) for transportation and power generation. In 2021, Senegal imported U.S. $2.39 Billion of refined petroleum and U.S. $463 million of crude oil.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, prompting the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand to place economic sanctions on Russian imports and exports. As a result, the crude oil and natural gas prices increased by over 50% from May 2021 to May 2022.

Senegal has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources, including solar, onshore wind, hydropower, offshore wind, and biomass. Senegal is now developing renewable energy projects to provide access to electricity to rural areas of the country.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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