Renewable Energy Is Sudan’s Future

Country Overview

The African country of the Republic of Sudan is bordered by Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, South Sudan, and the Red Sea. The population of Sudan is approximately 48.84 million people.

In 2022, Sudan’s economy was ranked 86th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is dependent on the export of gold, ground nuts, oily seeds, crude oil, sheep, and goats.

Environmental  Policies

In 2016, Namibia signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to an 8.9% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to business as usual.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 61.8% of the people in Sudan had  access to electricity. In 2021, state-owned utility,  National Electricity Corporation (NEC) used renewable energy (61.1%) and refined petroleum (38.9%) to generate electricity in Sudan. Hydropower is the dominant source of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Sudan.

Recent renewable energy projects in Sudan include:

  • 180 MW Wind Project – The Ministry of Water Resources, Irrigation and Electricity are continuing with the pre-construction planning of a wind project at a site approximately 400 miles northeast of the nation’s capital, Khartoum. The wind project is located in the Red Sea State of Sudan.
  • 101 MW Wind Project – In March 2023, the Ministry of Water Resources, Irrigation and Electricity commissioned the Dongola wind project at a site approximately 200 miles northwest of Khartoum.
  • 20 MW Wind Project – The Ministry of Water Resources, Irrigation and Electricity are continuing with the pre-construction planning of the Nyala wind project at a site approximately 550 miles west-southwest of Khartoum.
  • 2 MW Solar ProjectThe Ministry of Water Resources, Irrigation and Electricity have announced plans to build the Al Geneina solar power project at a site approximately 700 miles west-southwest of Khartoum.

Conclusions

Commercial oil was discovered in Sudan in 1978 by American energy company, Chevron. In 2022, Sudan was the 43rd largest oil exporting country in the world.

Crude oil is important to Sudan’s economy. In 2021, Sudan exported U.S. $395 Million of crude oil. However, Sudan imported U.S. $580 million in refined petroleum for power generation and transportation.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, prompting the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand to place economic sanctions on Russian imports and exports. As a result, the crude oil and natural gas prices increased by over 50% from May 2021 to May 2022.

Sudan has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources, including onshore wind, solar, hydropower, and biomass. Sudan is now developing new renewable energy projects to increase electricity access across the country, reduce expensive refined petroleum imports, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

 Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

 

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