Kosovo Seeks To Move From Coal To Renewables

Country Overview

The European country of the Republic of Kosovo is bordered by Serbia, North Macedonia, Albania, and Montenegro. The population of Kosovo is approximately 1.77 million people.

On February 17, 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from the Republic of Serbia. The United States and 103 other members of the United Nations (UN) formerly recognized the Republic of Kosovo as a sovereign nation. However, countries including Russia, the People’s Republic of China, and Serbia blocked Kosovo’s entry into the UN.

Environmental Policies

Kosovo is not a member of the United Nations (UN) and is therefore not a signatory to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Kosovo has not signed the Paris Climate Agreement.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2019, 100% of the people in Kosovo had access to electricity. In 2022, the Kosovo Energy Distribution and Supply Company (KEDS) used coal (93.2%), renewable energy (65.5%), and refined petroleum (0.3%) to generate electricity across the nation. Hydropower and wind are the dominant types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Kosovo.

Recent renewable energy projects in Kosovo include:

  • 150 MW Solar Project – German power company, Siemens Energy is continuing work on a utility scale solar plant in western region of Kosovo. The project is being financed by a consortium of international and local investors. The project is forecast to be commissioned by year-end 2024.
  • 100 MW Solar Tender – On July 31, 2023, Kosovo’s Ministry of Economy launched a tender for the construction of a utility scale solar plant at a site approximately 35 miles southwest of Pristina.


Coal mining began in Kosovo in 1922. Kosovo has the significant lignite coal reserves. In 2022, domestic coal generated 93.2% of Kosovo’s electricity.

Kosovo imports refined petroleum for power generation and transportation. Import of imports of expensive refined petroleum continues to undermine Kosovo’s fragile economy.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, prompting the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand to place economic sanctions on Russian imports and exports. As a result, the crude oil and natural gas prices increased by over 50% from May 2021 to May 2022.

Kosovo has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources, including wind, hydropower, solar, and biomass. Although not a signatory to the Paris Climate Accord, Kosovo is seeking to move from coal to renewables energy.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”



Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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