Eswatini Nearing 100% Renewable Power

Country Overview

The African country of the Kingdom of Eswatini formally known as Swaziland is bordered by Mozambique and South Africa. The population of Eswatini is approximately 1.22 million people.

In 2022, Eswatini’s economy was ranked 149th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is dependent on the export of scented mixtures, raw sugar, gold, industrial fatty acids, and sawn wood.

Environmental Policies

In 2016, Eswatini signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to double the renewable share of its energy mix by 2030, compared to 2010 levels.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 82.9% of the people in Eswatini had access to electricity. In 2021, the state-owned Eswatini Electricity Company used renewable energy (94.2%) and refined petroleum (5.4%) to generate electricity across the country, Biomass and hydropower are the dominant types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Eswatini.

Recent renewable energy projects in Eswatini include:

  • 120 MW Hydropower Project – Eswatini Electricity Company continuing work on the Ngwempisi hydro-power project on the Ngwempisi  River in the central region of the country. Construction is forecast to begin in 2025. The project is forecast to be commissioned by year-end 2027.
  • 40 MW Biomass Project – The Eswatini Energy Regulatory Authority has announced plans to build a utility scale biomass power plant in the northern region of the country. Construction is forecast to begin in 2025. The project is forecast to be commissioned by year-end 2027.
  • 15 MW Solar Project – The consortium of Globeleq and Sturdee Energy are continuing work on the Ngwenya solar project in northwestern Eswatini.
  • 15 MW Solar Project – The consortium of Globeleq and Sturdee Energy are continuing work on the Balekane solar project in northwestern Eswatini.

Conclusions

Eswatini imports all its refined petroleum for power generation and transportation. In 2021, Eswatini spent U.S. $181 million for refined petroleum.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, prompting the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand to place economic sanctions on Russian imports and exports. As a result, the crude oil and natural gas prices increased by over 50% from May 2021 to May 2022.

Eswatini has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources including solar, hydropower, biomass, and onshore wind. Eswatini on track to generate 100% of its electricity from renewable energy by 2030!

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

 

Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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