Djibouti’s Green Energy Future

Country Overview

The East African country of the Republic of Djibouti is bordered by the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Somalia, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. The population of Djibouti is approximately 1.15 million people.

In 2022, Djibouti’s economy was ranked 172nd in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is based on the export of palm oil, chlorides, sheep, goats, dried legumes, fatty acids, oils, and alcohols.

Environmental Policies

In 2016, Djibouti signed the Paris Climate Agreement, making an unconditional pledge to reduce emissions by 40% by 2030, compared to a business-as-usual scenario,

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 65.4% of the people in Djibouti had access to electricity. In 2021, state-owned utility Electricité de Djibouti only used refined petroleum (100%) to generate electricity in the country.

The following are recent renewable energy projects in Djibouti:

  • 60 MW Wind Project In 10 September 2023, President Ismail Omar Guelleh inaugurated the nation’s first wind project. The Red Sea Power wind project is located at a site approximately 50 miles west-southwest on the nation’s capital, Djibouti City.
  • 25 MW Solar + Energy Storage Project – United Arab Emirates (UAE) company Amea Power and state-owned utility Electricité de Djibouti are continuing work on a utility scale solar plus energy project at a site approximately 60 miles southwest of Djibouti City.


Djibouti imports refined petroleum for transportation and power generation. In 2021, Djibouti imported U.S. $2.04 Billion of imported refined petroleum.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, prompting the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand to place economic sanctions on Russian imports and exports. As a result, the crude oil and natural gas prices increased by over 50% from May 2021 to May 2022.

Djibouti has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources, including solar, biomass, onshore wind, and offshore wind. Djibouti’s is turning to reliable, low-cost green energy to replace expensive refined petroleum imports.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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