Carbon Neutral Bhutan Increasing Renewables

Country Overview

The South Asian country of the Kingdom of  Bhutan is bordered by the People’s Republic of China to the north and India to the south. The population of Bhutan is approximately 0.79 million people.

In 2022, Bhutan’s economy was ranked 164th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is based on tourism and the export of ferroalloys, dolomite, planes, helicopters, space craft, cement, and gypsum.

Environment Policies

In 2016, Bhutan signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to remain a carbon neutral nation, ensuring greenhouse gas emissions do not exceed carbon sequestration by forests.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 100% of the people in Bhutan had access to electricity. In 2021, state owned Bhutan Power Corporation used renewable energy (100 %) to generate electricity in this country. Hydropower is the dominant type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Bhutan.

Recent renewable energy projects in Bhutan include:

  • 600 MW Power Purchase Agreement – In December 2022, Bhutan’s Druk Green Power Corp signed a power purchase agreement with PTC India Ltd. import electricity from India during Bhutan’s dry winter season.
  • 17 MW Solar Project – The Bhutanese government is continuing work on the utility-scale Sephu solar project. The project is located in the central region of Bhutan.


Bhutan imports refined petroleum for transportation, heating, and cooking. In 2021, Bhutan imported U.S. $105 Million of refined petroleum.

Bhutan has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources, including wind, solar, hydropower, and biomass. Although Bhutan is carbon neutral, the nation is actively seeking to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Carbon neutral Bhutan is continuing to increase renewable energy capacity to further reduce the nation’s greenhouse gas emissions.


Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”




Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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