Austria Accelerates Renewables Development For Energy Security

Country Overview

The Republic of Austria in Central Europe is bordered by Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. The population of Austria is approximately 8.97 million people.

In 2022, Austria’s economy was ranked 32nd in the world in gross domestic product (GDP). The country’s economy is dependent on the export of vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins, cultures, cars, packaged medicaments, vaccines, motor vehicle parts, broadcasting equipment, flavored water, wood carpentry, iron railway products, cigarette paper, and hand guns.

Environmental Policies

In 2009, Austria as a member of the European Union (EU) committed to the Renewable Energy Directive, which requires each country to use renewable energy for 20% of its total energy needs by 2020 and 27% by 2030.

In 2016, Austria as a member of the EU signed the Paris Climate Agreement. The EU committed to a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emission by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 100% of the people in Austria had access to electricity. In 2022, electric utilities used renewable energy (77.3%), natural gas (17.3%), oil  (5.2%), and coal (0.2%) to generate electricity in Austria. Hydropower, wind, and biomass are the dominant types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Austria.

Recent renewable energy projects in Austria include:

  • 146 MW Wind Project – In December 2021. Austrian utility PÜSPÖK Group commissioned a wind project at a site approximately 80 miles south of the nation’s capital, Vienna.
  • 120 MW Solar Project – In December 2022, Austrian utility, Burgenland Energie commissioned a solar project at a site approximately 15 miles southwest of Vienna.
  • 26 MW Solar Project – In 2021, Austrian energy company, Wein Energie GmbH commissioned sixty rooftop solar projects in numerous towns and cities across the country.
  • 24 MW Floating Solar Project – In February 2023, German company BayWa re commissioned a floating solar project at a site approximately 25 miles northwest of Vienna.
  • 20 MW Solar Project – In March 2022, the operator of the Vienna International Airport, Flughafen Wien AG commissioned a solar project which will generate approximately 30% of facility’s annual electricity requirements.

Conclusions

In 2010, 66.2 % of Austria’s electricity was generated from renewable energy. Twelve years later, 77.3% of Austria’s electricity was generated from renewable energy.

Austria has made real progress at increasing the use of renewable energy to generate electricity over the past twelve years. In 2021, Austria imported approximately 80% of its natural gas resources from Russia .

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, prompting the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand to place economic sanctions on Russian imports and exports. As a result, the crude oil and natural gas prices increased by over 50% from May 2021 to May 2022.

Austria has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources, including hydropower, wind, solar, and biomass. In 2024, Austria is accelerating the development of renewable energy projects to ensure energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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