Turkmenistan Developing Renewable Resources

Country Overview

The nation of Turkmenistan in central Asia is bordered by Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Caspian Sea. The population of Turkmenistan is approximately 6.52 million people.

In 1991, Turkmenistan declared its independence Russia, following the dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

In 2021, Turkmenistan’s economy was ranked 92nd in the world in gross domestic product (GDP). The country’s economy is dependent on the export of natural gas, refined petroleum, nitrogenous fertilizers. crude oil, and  pure cotton yarn.

Environmental Policies

In 2015, Turkmenistan signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to achieve zero growth in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 with “certain international support.”

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 100% of the people in Turkmenistan had access to electricity. In 2021, the stage-owned utility, Turkmenenergo only used natural gas (100%) to generate electricity across the nation.

Recent renewable energy projects in Turkmenistan include:

  • 100 MW Solar Project – United Arab Emirates company Masdar is continuing work to develop a utility scale solar project for Turkmenenergo State Power Corporation.
  • 10 MW Wind + 3 MW Solar Project – Turkish energy company, Çalik Enerji is continuing work on a hybrid wind plus solar project at a site approximately 250 miles north of the nation’s capital, Ashgabat.
  • Solar Tender – Turkmenistan’s Ministry of Energy is continuing to evaluate proposals for solar photovoltaic equipment submitted in April 2023. The solar projects will be placed in remote areas of the nation.

Conclusions

Oil was first discovered in Turkmenistan in 1909. In 2022, Turkmenistan was the 15th largest natural gas and the 53rd largest crude oil exporting country in the world.

The export of natural gas, crude oil, and refined petroleum is the cornerstone of Turkmenistan’s economy. In 2021, Turkmenistan exported U.S. $4.88 Billion in natural gas, U.S.$808 Million in refined petroleum, and U.S. $211 Million in crude oil.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, prompting the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand to place economic sanctions on Russian imports and exports. As a result, the crude oil and natural gas prices increased by over 50% from May 2021 to May 2022.

Turkmenistan has vast, undeveloped renewable energy resources, including solar, onshore wind, hydropower, and biomass. The country’s renewable energy resources replace the electricity generated from nation’s natural gas fueled power plants.

Why is Turkmenistan beginning to develop the nation’s renewable energy resources? Economics pure and simple! Turkmenistan’s government plans to use renewable energy for domestic power, preserving natural gas and oil resources for export. Turkmenistan is now turning to renewables.

 Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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