Russia’s Unprovoked War Halts Ukraine’s Green Energy Transformation

Country Overview

The sovereign nation of Ukraine in Eastern Europe is bordered by Russia, Belarus, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Black Sea, and Sea of Azov. The population of Ukraine is approximately 37.31 million people.

In 1922, Ukraine was subjugated and incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). In 1991, Ukraine gained its independence as a sovereign nation, following the dissolution of the USSR.

In 2014, Russia invaded and subsequently annexed the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine. The Crimea Peninsular was incorporated into Russia as the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol.

In 2022, Ukraine’s economy was ranked 58th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP). The country’s economy was dependent on the export of iron ore, seed oils, wheat, corn, and semi-finished iron.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, resulting in military and economic support for Ukraine from the United States, European Union, Great Britain, Canada, Japan, South Korea, and Republic of China (Taiwan).

Environmental Policies

In 2016, Ukraine signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to limit greenhouse gas emissions to 60% of 1990 levels by 2030.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 100% of the people in Ukraine had access to electricity. In 2022, utilities used nuclear power (55.3%), coal (22.9%), renewable energy (15.8%), natural gas (4.5%), and refined petroleum (1.5 %) to generate electricity in Ukraine. Hydropower and solar are the dominant types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Ukraine.

Recent renewable energy projects in Ukraine include:

  • 800 MW Wind Project – The Chinese (PRC) construction company, Power China and Ukrainian renewable energy company, WindFarm have suspended work on a wind farm in the Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine due the current war with Russia.
  • 500 MW Wind Project – EuroCape New Energy France have suspended work on the Zaporizhia wind project in southeastern Ukraine due to the current war with Russia.
  • 32 MW Solar Project – In December 2020, the Norwegian renewable energy company, Scatec commissioned the Kamianka solar project in the Cherkasy region, central Ukraine.
  • 20 MW Biogas Project – Ukrainian renewable energy company, Clear energy has suspended work on a biogas power plant at a site approximately 150 miles west of the nation’s capital, Kyiv due to the current war with Russia.

Conclusions

Ukraine imports fossil fuels (oil, coal, and natural gas) for power generation, heating, and transportation. In 2021, Ukraine imported U.S. $5.63 Billion of refined petroleum, U.S. $3.26 Billion of natural gas, and U.S. $2.09 Billion of coal.

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, prompting the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand to place economic sanctions on Russian imports and exports. As a result, the crude oil and natural gas prices increased by over 50% from May 2021 to May 2022.

Ukraine has significant renewable energy resources, including hydropower, onshore wind, solar, biomass, and offshore wind. In 2022, 71,1 % of Ukraine’s electricity was generated from zero-carbon power plants (nuclear and renewables). Russia’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine has delayed the nation’s transformation to green energy.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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