Renewable Energy Electrifying Uganda

Country Overview

The Republic of Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa that is bordered by Kenya, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania. The population of Uganda is approximately 48.58 million people.

In 2022, Uganda’s economy was ranked  90th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is based on the export of gold, coffee, cocoa beans, raw sugar, and fish.

Environmental Policies

In 2016, Uganda signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to a twenty-two percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to business as usual levels.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, only 45.2% of the people in Uganda had access to electricity. In 2021, state-owned Uganda Electricity Generation Company used renewable energy (97.0 %) and refined petroleum (3.0 %)  to generate electricity in the country. Hydropower was the dominant type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Uganda.

Recent renewable energy projects in Uganda include:

  • 600 MW Hydropower Project – The Uganda Electricity Generation Company is continuing work on the Karuma hydropower project, which is located approximately 90 miles north of the nation’s capital, Kampala. The project is forecast to be commissioned in September 2024.
  • 183 MW Hydropower Project – In March 2019, the Uganda Electricity Generation Company commissioned the Isimba Falls hydropower project, which is located approximately 50 miles east of Kampala.
  • 120 MW Solar Projects – French company, TotalEnergies is continuing work on the development of six solar projects with a total of capacity of 120 MW in the Ugandan towns of Kapeeka, Iganga, Tororo, Kumi, Bukedea and Palisa.
  • 23 MW Solar Project – In March 2023, Spanish solar developer, RIC Energy commissioned the Nkonge solar project at a site approximately 10 miles northeast of Kampala.


Uganda has vast undeveloped renewable energy resources, including hydropower, solar, biomass, wind, and geothermal. Uganda’s development of renewable energy is steadily increasing access to electricity to the people of this beautiful country.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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