Barriers Slow The Granite State’s Renewable Energy Development

State Overview

The population of the “Granite State,” New Hampshire is approximately 1.40 million people. New Hampshire is the 42nd most populated state in the United States.

In 2022, New Hampshire’s economy was ranked 39th in the United States in gross domestic product (GDP). The state’s economy is dependent on the textiles, advanced manufacturing, biomedical, and tourism.

Environmental Policies

In 2007, New Hampshire enacted the Electric Renewable Portfolio Standard which requires all utilities sell 25.2% of their electricity from renewable energy by 2025.

In 2008, New Hampshire joined Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, a market-based collaborative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Power Generation Capabilities

In June 2023, utilities used nuclear energy (59.3%), natural gas (33.0%), and renewable energy (7.7%) to generate electricity in New Hampshire. Hydropower and biomass are the dominant types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in New Hampshire.

In June 2023, the average cost of residential electricity in New Hampshire was 29.78¢ per kWh, compared to the national average of 16.11¢ per kWh.

Recent renewable energy developments in New Hampshire include:

  • 29 MW Wind Project – In February 2020, Canadian utility, TransAlta commissioned the Antrim Wind project, which is located in the southern region of the state.
  • 5 MW Solar Project – In February 2022, New Hampshire solar company, SunRaise Investments commissioned a community solar project in the city of Portsmouth.
  • 2 MW Solar + 2.45 MW Energy Storage Project – In May 2021, New Hampshire Electric Cooperative commissioned a solar plus energy storage project in the central region of the state.


In 2010, New Hampshire used renewable energy (hydropower, biomass, etc.) to generate 14.6% of the state’s electricity. In June 2023, New Hampshire used renewable energy to generate only 7.75% of the state’s electricity.

It is highly unlikely that state utilities will meet New Hampshire’s Electric Renewable Portfolio Standard of selling 25.2% of their electricity from renewable energy by 2025. What are the barriers for new renewable energy development?

Some environmental groups in New England strongly oppose the development of any new renewable energy infrastructure. This opposition has significantly slowed the development of new wind and solar projects in New Hampshire.

Environmentalists around the world march and shout “Believe the Science” in support of state and federal governments to take tangible action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Unfortunately, many well intentioned environmental groups around the world fail to understand the actions that must be taken to develop and maintain a green power grid.

New Hampshire’s aspirations for a future with clean, green electricity appear unattainable. When will the Granite State remove the barriers that limit the development of renewable energy development?

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on numerous energy issues.


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