American Samoa Turning To Green Energy

Territory Overview

American Samoa is an unincorporated territory located in the in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of the island country of Samoa. The population of American Samoa is approximately 43,750 people.

In 2022, American Samoa’s economy was ranked 56th of the 56 states, district, and territories of the United States in gross domestic product (GDP). In 2021, American Samoa’s was dependent on the export of animal meal, animal pellets, vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins, cultures, ethylene polymers, and insulated wire.

Environmental Policies

In 2016, the United States, including territories like American Samoa and Puerto Rico signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to a 26% domestic reduction in greenhouse gases by 2025, compared to 2005.

In 2016, the American Samoa Renewable Energy Committee set a goal to meet 50% of American Samoa’s energy from renewable energy resources by 2025 and 100% by 2040, primarily with solar energy.

In 2017, President Donald Trump announced that the U.S. would cease all participation in the Paris Climate Agreement. The United States formerly withdrew from the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2020.

In 2021, President Joe Biden announced that the U.S. would officially rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement. The United States formerly rejoined the Paris Agreement on February 19, 2021.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2020, 100% of the people in American Samoa had access to electricity. In 2020, the American Samoa Power Authority (JSPA) used refined petroleum (~ 97%) and renewable energy (~ 3%) to generate electricity in the territory. Solar is the dominant type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in American Samoa.

In November 2023, the average price for residential electricity in American Samoa Rico was 42.37¢ per kWh, compared to the average price for residential electricity in the United States of 16.11¢ per kWh.

Renewable energy developments in American Samoa Rico include:

  • 42 MW Wind Project – American company, Green Global Solutions is continuing work on a wind project on the island of Tutuila, which is the largest and most populated island in American Samoa.
  • 20 MW Solar Project – Canadian Solar and Recurrent Energy are continuing work on a solar project on the island of Tutuila.
  • 4 MW Solar + 6 MW Hour Energy Storage Project – In November 2016, American Samoa Power Authority (JSPA) commissioned a solar plus battery energy storage system (BESS) on the island of Ta’u  in the American Samoa archipelago.


American Samoa imports all fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas) for power generation and transportation. In 2021, American Samoa imported  $U.S. $43.4 Million of refined petroleum.

American Samoa has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources including solar, onshore wind, and biomass. American Samoa is now developing low-cost green energy to replace costly refined petroleum power plants.

Jack Kerfoot

Website “Our Energy Conundrum”


Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on numerous energy related topics.

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