Renewable Energy Electrifying Rwanda

Country Overview

The land-locked African country of the Republic of Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The population of Rwanda is approximately 14.22 million people.

In 2022, Rwanda’s economy was ranked 134th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is dependent on the export of gold, refined petroleum, tin ores, tea, niobium, tantalum, vanadium, zirconium ore, and tungsten ore.

Environmental Policies

In 2016, Rwanda signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the business-as-usual case by 2030.

In 2020, Rwanda enacted a new climate action policy, committing to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 38% compared to business-as-usual by 2030.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 48.7% of the people in Rwanda had access to electricity. In 2021, the state-owned Rwanda Energy Group used renewable energy (60.0 %) and refined petroleum (40.0 %) to generate electricity. Hydropower is the dominant type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Rwanda.

Recent renewable energy projects in Rwanda include:

  • 80 MW Hydropower Project – The Rusumo Power Company is continuing work on the Regional Rusumo Falls Hydroelectric Project, located on the Kagera River on the Rwanda and Tanzania border. The project is being funded by the World Bank and will provide power to Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania. The project is forecast to be completed in 2024.
  • 11 MW Solar Project – Portuguese company, Gesto Energy is continuing work on a photovoltaic solar project at a site in eastern Rwanda. The project is forecast to commence operation by year-end 2023.


The Government of Rwanda has implemented an ambitious plan to achieve universal access to electricity by 2024. The government’s plan is to provide 52% of the population electricity by the power grid and 48% by off-grid, renewable energy projects.

Rwanda has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources, including hydropower, onshore wind, solar, and biomass. The government is aggressively developing new renewable energy projects to achieve it goal of universal access to electricity. Renewable energy is now providing the people of Rwanda access to electricity.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”



Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on numerous energy related topics.




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