Renewables Electrifying Ethiopia

National Economy

The land-locked African country of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is bordered Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan, and Soudan. The population of the Ethiopia is approximately 126.53 million people.

In 2022, Ethiopia’s economy was ranked 60th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is dependent on the export of coffee, gold, oily seeds, and cut flowers.

Environmental Policies

In 2016, Ethiopia signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to a 64% reduction in business-as-usual greenhouse gas emissions, which is equivalent to a 3% reduction from greenhouse gas emission levels in 2010.

In 2017, Ethiopia launched a program to provide everyone in the nation access to electricity. In the country also launched a 10 year program to dramatically increase the use of renewable energy.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 54.2 % of the people in Ethiopia had  access to electricity.  In 2021, state-owned Ethiopian Electric Utility (EEU), used renewable energy (99.9%) and oil (0.1%) to generate electricity in the country. Hydropower is the dominant type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Ethiopia.

Recent renewable energy projects in Ethiopia include:

  • 500 MW Solar ProjectsEmirati renewable energy company Masdar is continuing work on two solar projects with a total capacity of 500 MW, which will be tied into the Ethiopia’s power grid. The projects are forecast to be completed by year-end 2023.
  • 254 MW Hydropower Project – In March 2020, US engineering firm Stantec Inc. commissioned the Genale Dawa III hydropower dam, which is located in approximately 390 miles southeast of Addis, Ababa.
  • 150 MW Geothermal Project – Ethiopian geothermal company, Corbetti Geothermal is continuing work on a geothermal power project, which is located approximately 155 miles south of the capital, Addis, Ababa. The project is forecast to be commissioned by year-end 2023.
  • 100 MW Wind Project In April 2023, German company, Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy commissioned the Assela wind project, which is located approximately 95 miles south of Addis Ababa.
  • 50 MW Geothermal Project – Ethiopian company, TM Geothermal Operations  is continuing work on the Tulu Moye Geothermal Power Plant, which is located approximately 60 miles southeast of Addis Ababa. The project is forecast to be commissioned by year-end 2024.

Conclusions

Ethiopia is rich in renewable energy resources, including hydropower, wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass. Ethiopia’s renewable energy potential can easily provide electricity to everyone across this beautiful nation.

The Government of Ethiopia is wisely investing in renewable energy to achieve the country’s goal of universal access to electricity. Renewable energy is providing electricity across Ethiopia.

 

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on numerous energy issues and topics.

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