Floating Solar Helping Albania Address Climate Change

Country Overview

The Republic of Albania is bordered by Montenegro, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Greece, Adriatic Sea, and Ionic Sea. The population of Albania is approximately 2.83 million people.

In 2021, Albania’s economy was ranked 115th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP). The country’s economy is dependent on the export of leather footwear, electricity, crude oil, and ferroalloys.

Environmental Policies

In 2016, Albania signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to an 11.5% unconditional reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to business-as-usual levels.

In 2017, the government of Albania enacted laws to incentivize the use of non-hydroelectric renewable energy sources.

Power Generation Capabilities

In 2021, 100% of the people in Albania had access to electricity. In 2021, utilities only used renewable energy (100%) to generate electricity in Albania. Hydropower is the dominant type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Albania.

Recent renewable energy projects in Albania include:

  • 140 MW Solar Project – French solar company Voltalia is continuing work on Karavasta Solar project at a site approximately 20 miles southwest of the nation’s capital, Tirana. The project is forecast to be commissioned by year-end 2023.
  • 9 MW Floating Solar Project – In June 2021, Albanian utility, Korporata Elektroenergjetike Shqiptare commissioned a floating solar project on the Banja reservoir which is approximately 50 miles north of Tirana.
  • 2 MW Floating Solar Project – In June 2021, Norwegian renewables company, Statkraft commissioned a floating solar project at a hydropower facility which is approximately 20 miles southeast of Tirana.

In the World Bank’s “4 Degree Report”, drought severity was forecast to increase in Southern Europe, North America, Southern Africa, Brazil, and Southeast Asia, due to climate change.

As predicted in the World Bank’s report, Albania has experienced a decrease in annual rainfall and several protracted droughts. As a result, Albania’s hydroelectric capacity has been impacted, resulting in prolonged power outages.

Hydroelectric power plants are the dominant source of electricity in Albania. The nation is now using floating solar to offset power shortfalls at hydroelectric power plants, during periods of severe drought. Floating solar is helping Albania weather droughts to maintain power from the nation’s hydroelectric infrastructure.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”



Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio, podcast, and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a diverse range of energy issues.

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