Carbon Neutral Bhutan Turns To The Sun

National Economy

The population of the Kingdom of  Bhutan is approximately 0.79 million people[1]. In 2020, 100 % of the people in this landlocked country Southern Asia had access to electricity[2].

In 2021, Bhutan’s economy was ranked 164th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world[3]. The country’s economy is based on tourism and the export[4] of ferroalloys, iron, cement, dolomite, and carbides.

Environment Policies

In 2016, Bhutan signed the Paris Climate Agreement[5], committing to remain a carbon neutral nation, so greenhouse gas emissions do not exceed carbon sequestration by forests.

In 2020, the state owned Bhutan Power Corporation used renewable energy (100 %) to generate electricity in this country[6]. Hydropower is the dominant type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Bhutan.

The only recent renewable energy project in Bhutan is as follows:

  • 38 MW Solar Project – In August 2022, the Bhutan Department of Renewable Energy launched a tender for the nation’s first photovoltaic solar project. The project will be located in Sephy in the central region of the country.


Bhutan imports all the nation’s refined petroleum for transportation, power generation, and heating. In 2020, the nation spent[7] U.S. $81.3 Million just for imported refined petroleum.

Bhutan has significant undeveloped renewable energy resources, including wind, solar, hydropower, and biomass. Although Bhutan is carbon neutral, the nation is actively seeking to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Carbon neutral Bhutan is turning to the sun to further reduce the nation’s carbon footprint.

 Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”



Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on numerous energy related topics.

[1] Bhutan’s Population (2022) –  September 17, 2022,

[2] World Bank, Access To Electricity (% Population) – Bhutan

[3] Gross Domestic Product By Country 2021 – Worldometer

[4] The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) – Bhutan

[5] Carbon Brief – “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Pledges”

[6] Our World In Data, Bhutan: Energy Country Profile by Hanna Ritchie and Max Roser

[7] The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) – Bhutan Imports

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