In 2021, Israel’s economy was ranked 31st in the world in gross domestic product (GDP). The country’s economy is dependent on the export of diamonds, integrated circuits, packaged medicaments, medical instruments, fruits, and vegetables.
In 2016, Israel signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to reduce per capita greenhouse gas emissions 26% below 2005 levels by 2030.
In 2018, Israel enacted the National Program for Adaption to Climate Change in an effort to reduce the adverse effects of climate change.
In 2020, utilities used natural gas (64.7 %), coal (28,8 %), and renewable energy (6.5 %) to generate electricity in Israel. Solar is the dominant type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Israel.
In 2020, Israel’s government approved a plan to increase power from renewable energy to 20% by 2025 and 30% by 2030.
Recent renewable energy developments in Israel includes the following:
- 9 MW Solar + Energy Storage Projects – In January 2021, Israel’s Electricity Market Regulatory Authority awarded 33 utility scale solar plus solar projects to seven companies. All projects will be commissioned before year-end 2023.
- 189 MW Wind Project – In July 2021, Israeli company, Enlight Renewable Energy commissioned a wind farm, which is located in northern Israel.
- Wind Project Approval – In January 2021, the Israeli government approved the development of future utility scale wind projects in the Golan Heights region of northern Israel.
Israel has been dependent on imported coal and oil for fuel since the country was established in May 1948. In 1999, major natural gas reserves were discovered approximately 80 miles off the coast of Israel. Domestic natural gas is currently the primary fuel used to generate electricity in Israel.
Israel has significant renewable energy resources including solar, wind, biomass, and geothermal; which could dramatically reduce the use of fossil fuels in the country. Israel recognizes that its natural gas reserves will be depleted in the not too distant future.
The cost of electricity ($/kWh) generated from onshore wind and solar is significantly cheaper than power generated from domestic natural gas.
Israel’s move to renewable energy is being driven by climate change concerns and economics.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on numerous energy related topics.
 World Bank, “Access To Electricity (% Population) – Israel
 Gross Domestic Product By Country 2021 – Worldometer
 The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) – Israel
 Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”
 Our World In Data, Israel: Energy Country Profile by Hanna Ritchie and Max Roser