Gem State Is Green And Getting Greener!

State Economy

The population of the “Gem State,” Idaho is approximately 1.90 million people[1]. Idaho is the 39th most populated state in the United States.

In 2021, Idaho’s economy was ranked 40th in the United States in gross domestic product (GDP)[2]. The state’s economy is dependent on the agriculture, forestry, manufacturing, food processing, mining, and tourism industries[3].

Environment Policies

Idaho is one of only 13 states that has neither a renewable portfolio standard nor a renewable energy goal[4].

In January 2022, Idaho utilities[5] used renewable energy (76.3 %} and natural gas (23.7 %) to generate electricity. Hydropower, wind, and solar are the primary types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Idaho.

In January 2022, the average cost of residential electricity in Idaho was 9.90 ¢ per kWh, compared to the national average of 13.72 ¢ per kWh.

Recent renewable energy developments in Idaho include:

  • 1,000 MW Wind Project – New York power company, LS Power is continuing permitting work for the Lava Ridge Wind project at a site approximately 120 miles southeast of the state capital, Boise.
  • 800 MW Wind Project – In March 2022, LS Power announced plans to build the Salmon Falls Wind Project at a site approximately 80 miles southwest of Boise.
  • 120 MW Solar Project – North Carolina utility, Duke Energy is continuing work on the Jackpot Solar project at a site approximately 130 miles southeast of Boise. The project is scheduled to be commissioned by year-end 2022.


Idaho has neither a renewable portfolio standard nor a renewable energy goal. However, the economics of low cost, reliable renewable energy have incentivized utilities to develop new renewable energy projects.

Idaho is rich in renewable energy resources, including hydropower, wind, geothermal, solar, and biomass. In January 2022, Idaho was the state with the 4th highest percentage of electricity generated from renewable energy, after Vermont ( 100% ), South Dakota ( 85.3 % ), and Washington ( 79.1 % ).

The Gem State is green and getting greener, every day.

 Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of the book FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for The Hill, one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States. He has been interviewed on over 100 radio and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles on a wide range of energy topics.


[1] Idaho Population 2023, World Population Review

[2] U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis

[3] Idaho Chamber of Commerce – Idaho Key Industries

[4] National Conference of State Legislators – State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Goals, January 4, 2021

[5] U.S. Energy Information Agency – Idaho State Profile and Energy Estimates,

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