Russia Stops Ukraine’s Energy Transformation

National Economy

The population of Ukraine is approximately 43.30 million people[1]. In 2020, 100% of the people in this East European country had access to electricity[2].

In 2020, Ukraine’s economy was ranked 54th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP)[3]. The country’s economy[4] is dependent on the export of corn, seed oils, vegetables, iron ore, and wheat.

Environment Policies

In 2014, Russia invaded and subsequently annexed the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine. The Crimea Peninsular was incorporated into Russia as the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol.

In 2016, Ukraine signed the “Paris Climate Agreement”, committing to limit greenhouse gas emissions to 60% of 1990 levels by 2030.

In 2020, utilities used nuclear power (52.3 %), coal (28.3 %), renewable energy (10.9 %), natural gas (8.0 %), and oil (1.4 %) to generate electricity in Ukraine[5]. Hydropower, wind, solar are the primary types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Ukraine.

Recent renewable energy projects in Ukraine include:

  • 800 MW Wind Project – The Chinese (PRC) construction company, Power China and Ukrainian renewable energy company, WindFarm are continuing work on a wind farm in the Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine.
  • 500 MW Wind Project – EuroCape New Energy France is continuing work on the Zaporizhia wind park in the Zaporizhia region, southeastern Ukraine.
  • 32 MW Solar Project – In December 2020, the Norwegian renewable energy company, Scatec commissioned the Kamianka solar project in the Cherkasy region, central Ukraine.
  • 20 MW Biogas Project – Ukrainian renewable energy company, Clear energy is continuing work on a biogas power plant at a site approximately 150 miles west of the nation’s capital, Kyiv.


The history of Ukraine includes centuries of invasion and subjugation by different foreign powers. After World War II, Ukraine was subjugated and incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

Ukraine gained its independence as a sovereign nation in 1991, following the dissolution of the USSR. However, the Ukraine’s shift toward the European Union and the United States prompted Russia to invade and annex the Crimean Peninsula in 2014.

In 2014, Ukraine’s economy was dependent on inexpensive Russian natural gas and oil. Ukraine began to move from fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas) to zero carbon energy (nuclear and renewable energy) as a result of the country’s Paris Climate commitments and Russia’s military aggression.

In 2020, 63.2 % of Ukraine’s electricity was generated from zero-carbon power plants (nuclear and renewables). In February 2022, Russia invade the sovereign country of Ukraine, postponing the country’s energy transformation.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


[1] Ukraine Population (2022)  –  February 28, 2022,

[2] Ukraine – The World Bank Group

[3] Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank

[4] The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) – Ukraine

[5] Our World In Data, Ukraine: Energy Country Profile by Hanna Ritchie and Max Roser

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