The Clock Is Ticking On Climate Change, Which State In The Southwest Is Making Real Progress?

Efforts to address climate change are gaining momentum in the United States. However, environmental philosophies and policies vary dramatically from state to state.

The move from fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas) to renewable energy (wind, solar, hydropower, etc.) has contributed to a decline in greenhouse emissions[1] in the United States over the last fifteen years.

Climate, renewable energy resource potential, and population are all factors that affect a state’s ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Comparing individual states in the same region proves insight into which states are making real progress at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

In the Southwest, the states of Oklahoma and Arkansas have similar climates, renewable energy resource potential, and population. However, each state has very different views on the importance of renewable energy.

Oklahoma has a Renewable Energy Goal[2] for electric utilities. In September 2021, electric utilities generated 42.1 % of the state’s electricity from renewable energy[3].

Oil and natural gas have been an integral part of Oklahoma’s economy for over 100 years. In 2005, only 1.3% of Oklahoma’s electricity was generated from renewable energy.

Over the last 15 years, state utilities have been aggressively developing major wind and solar projects. Oklahoma is now being transformed into one of America’s new, clean green energy hubs.

Arkansas is one of only 13 states with neither a renewable energy standard nor a goal[4]. In September 2021, electric utilities generated only 8.4 % of the state’s electricity from renewable energy[5].

In September 2021, 44.6 % of Arkansas’ electricity generation was fueled by coal. Arkansas imports most of its coal by rail from Wyoming. The cost to generate electricity from coal-fired power plants is over twice the cost of electricity ($/kWh) from wind or solar projects.

Arkansas’ utilities been slow to develop the state’s renewable energy potential. State legislators may be climate skeptics, but their inaction is costing consumers money and fueling climate change.

In 2020, United States electric utilities produced 1.6 billion tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions[6]. Achieving a carbon-free power sector in the United States by 2035 will have a significant impact on the global reduction of greenhouse gases. It is time our country united behind programs to address climate change.

Jack Kerfoot is a scientist, energy expert, and author of FUELING AMERICA, An Insider’s Journey and articles for one of the largest independent political news sites in the United States, The Hill. He has also been interviewed on over ninety radio and television stations from New York City to Los Angeles.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

[1] US Environmental Protection Agency, April 2021.

[2] National Conference of State Legislators – State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Goals, August 13, 2021

[3] US. Energy Information Administration, Oklahoma State Profile and Energy Estimates

[4] National Conference of State Legislators – State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Goals, August 13, 2021

[5] US. Energy Information Administration, Arkansas State Profile and Energy Estimates

[6] U.S. Energy Information Administration, U.S. Carbon Dioxide Emissions Associated With Electricity Generation

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