The population of the “Green Mountain State,” Vermont is approximately 0.62 million people. Vermont is the 49th most populated state in the United States.
In 2021, Vermont’s economy was ranked 50th in the United States in gross domestic product (GDP). The state’s economy is dependent on the microelectronics, agriculture, forestry, tourism, and mining industries.
In 2015, Vermont enacted a Renewable Energy Standard mandating all utilities sell 55% of their electricity from renewable energy sources by 2017 and 75% by 2032.
In 2007, Vermont joined Delaware, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, and New York in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, a market-based collaborative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
In September 2021, Vermont’s utilities used renewable energy (100.0 %) to generate electricity. Hydropower, biomass, wind, and solar are the primary types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Vermont.
In September 2021, the average cost of residential electricity in Vermont was 19.56 ¢ per kWh, compared to the national average of 14.19 ¢ per kWh.
Recent renewable energy developments in Vermont include:
- 20 MW Energy Storage Projects – Vermont solar company, Encore Renewable Energy is continuing work on the Green Mountain Power Battery Storage Portfolio. The project will build 5 MW energy storage facilities at four sites across the state, which are forecast to be commissioned in 2022.
- 5 MW Solar + Energy Storage Project – In December 2021, Encore Renewable Energy commissioned the Middlebury College Solar plus Storage project at a site approximately 25 miles southwest of the capital, Montpelier.
- 3 MW Solar Project – In December 2021, Encore Renewable Energy commissioned the Sand Hill Solar project at a site approximately 40 miles southwest of Montpelier.
- 8 MW Solar Project – In December 2020, Encore Renewable Energy commissioned the Lawrence Brook Solar project at a site approximately 20 miles north of Montpelier.
- 3 MW Solar Project – In November 2021, Encore Renewable Energy commissioned the Jericho Landfill Solar at a site approximately 25 miles northwest of Montpelier.
- 75 MW Solar Project – In December 2021, Encore Renewable Energy commissioned the Bromley Mountain Solar project at a site approximately 75 miles south of Montpelier.
In 2014, the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Plant, which produced approximately half of the state’s electricity. Vermont now relies on Canada’s hydropower projects go meet its power requirements.
Vermont has significant renewable energy resources, including hydropower, biomass, wind, and solar. However, state utilities have been slow to develop Vermont’s renewable energy resources, instead relying on expensive Canadian hydropower.
Canada is helping the Green Mountain State to achieve 100% renewable power.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 Vermont Population 2021, World Population Review
 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
 Biggest Industries in Vermont – World Atlas
 National Conference of State Legislators – State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Goals, January 4, 2021
 Center for Climate and Energy Solutions – Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)
 U.S. Energy Information Agency – Vermont State Profile and Energy Estimates, www.eia.gov