In 2020, Turkey’s economy was ranked 19th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP). The country’s economy is dependent on the export of cars, trucks, refined petroleum, iron, jewelry, hand-woven rugs, flour, marble, travertine, and alabaster.
In 2016, Turkey signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to a 21% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to a business-as-usual scenario.
In 2020, Turkey’s electric utilities used renewable energy (43.1 %), coal (33.9 %), natural gas (22.8 %), and oil (0.2%) to generate electricity in the country. Hydropower, wind, and solar are the primary types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Turkey.
Recent renewable energy projects in Turkey include:
- 187 MW Wind Project – German renewable energy company, Nordex is continuing work on a wind project at a site approximately 30 miles northwest of the city of Istanbul.
- 72 MW Wind Project – In February 2021, German-Turkish joint venture, Borusan EnBW Enerji commissioned a wind project at a site approximately 50 miles northwest of Istanbul.
- 53 MW Wind Project – In September 2020, American multinational company GE Renewable Energy commissioned a wind project at a site approximately 275 miles southwest of the nation’s capital, Ankara.
- 32 MW Wind Project – In September 2020, GE Renewable Energy commissioned a wind project at a site approximately 300 miles southwest of Ankara.
Twenty years ago, the air quality in major cities like Istanbul, Ankara, Erzurum and Bursa was toxic due to the extensive use of coal. The country implemented an energy policy that made energy supply, energy security, and the environment as the nation’s highest priority.
In 2000, Turkey began to develop the nation’s significant renewable energy resources, which include wind, solar, hydropower, and geothermal. In September 2021, Turkey had commissioned over 10,000 MW of wind projects.
In 2021, Turkey is harnessing the wind and the nation’s other renewable resources.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 Republic of Turkey – The World Bank Group
 Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank
 OEC – Republic of Turkey
 Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”
 Our World In Data, Turkey: Energy Country Profile by Hanna Ritchie and Max Roser