Renewable Energy Providing Portugal A Clean, Green Future

National Economy

The population of the Portuguese Republic (Portugal) is approximately 10.15 million people[1]. In 2020, 100% of the people in this country Southwestern Europe had access to electricity[2].

In 2019, Portugal’s economy was ranked 48th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP)[3]. The country’s economy[4] is dependent on the export of cars, vehicle parts, refined petroleum, leather footwear, paper, and cork.

Environment Policies

In 2009, Portugal as a member of the European Union (EU) committed to the Renewable Energy Directive,” which requires each country to use renewable energy for 20% of its total energy needs by 2020 and 27% by 2030.

In 2016, Portugal as a member of the EU signed the “Paris Climate Agreement”[5]. The EU committed to a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emission by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

In 2020, the state-owned electric utility, Energias de Portugal (EDP) used renewable energy (58.8 %), natural gas (33.3 %), coal (5.9 %), and oil (2.0 %) to generate electricity in the country[6]. Hydropower, wind, biomass, and solar are the primary types of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Portugal.

Recent renewable energy projects in Belgium include:

  • 1,146 MW Solar Project – In September 2021, Spanish utility Iberdrola has announced plans to build a solar project in the Portuguese municipality of Santiago do Cacém. The project is forecast to be commissioned by year-end 2025.
  • 146 MW Solar Projects – In October 2020, German renewable energy company, WiNRG commissioned five solar projects in the Portuguese municipalities of Amareleja, Cartaxo, Ferreira do Alentejo, Santarém and Moura.
  • 59 MW Solar Project – WiNRG is continuing work on a solar project in the Portuguese municipality of Lagos. The project is scheduled to be commissioned by year-end 2021.
  • 25 MW Floating Wind Project – In January 2020, European consortium Windplus (EDP, Repsol, Engie, and Principal Power) commissioned the Wind Float Atlantic project. The pilot project is located approximately 12 miles of the northern coastal Portuguese town of Viana do Castelo.

Conclusions

Portugal has significant renewable energy resources including offshore wind, onshore wind, solar, hydropower, and biomass. The Portuguese government has been wisely investing in renewable energy to ensure the country can be carbon neutral by 2050. Renewable energy is providing Portugal a clean, green future

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jackkerfoot.com

 

[1] Portugal Population (2021) – November 27, 2021, www.worldometers.info

[2] Portugal – The World Bank Group

[3] Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank

[4] The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) – Portugal

[5] Carbon Brief – “2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”

[6] Our World In Data, Portugal: Energy Country Profile by Hanna Ritchie and Max Roser

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