In 2019, Oman’s economy was ranked 69th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP). The country’s economy is dependent on the export of crude oil, liquified natural gas, refined petroleum, iron, fertilizer, gems, and precious metals.
In 2016, Oman signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to an unconditional 2% cut in greenhouse gas emissions, relative to business as usual.
In 2017, Oman announced a national renewable energy target to source 10% of the nation’s total electricity generation from renewable energy by 2025.
In 2019, Oman’s electric utilities used natural gas (99.97 %) and solar (0.03 %) to generate electricity in the country. Solar was the only type of renewable energy used to generate electricity in Oman.
Recent renewable energy projects in Oman include:
- 25,000 MW Wind + Solar Project – In May 2021, an international consortium led by the state owned Omani oil company OQ announced plans to build a wind and solar project in central Oman. The power from the wind and solar project will be used to produce green hydrogen. The consortium includes American green hydrogen developer, InterContinental Energy and Kuwait investment company, Enertech.
- 3,500 MW Solar Project – In November 2020, the Port of Sohar, located 162 miles west-northwest of the capital, Muscat announced plans to develop a green hydrogen generation hub powered by solar energy.
- 3,000 MW Solar + 500 MW Wind Project – In August 2021, Indian renewable energy company, Acme Solar announced plans to build a solar plus wind project near the Port of Duqm, approximately 300 miles south of Muscat. The power from the solar and wind project will be used to produce approximately 900,000 tons of green ammonia annually. The project is forecast to be completed by year-end 2024.
- 125 MW Solar Project – In June 2020, Indian solar company, Sterling and Wilson Solar commissioned the Amin Solar project, which is located in the southwestern region of the country.
- 25 MW Solar Project – In January 2021, Sterling and Wilson Solar commissioned a solar project in the Port of Sohar, which is approximately 125 miles northwest of the nation’s capital, Muscat.
Why is the Oman developing massive renewable energy projects? Oman has been committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and recognizes the global threat of climate change.
Oman intends to use renewable energy for domestic power generation and transform its oil and natural gas economy to the generation of green hydrogen and green ammonia. Oman has begun to transition to a green energy economy.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 Sultanate of Oman – The World Bank Group
 Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank
 OEC – Sultanate of Oman
 Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”
 The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington, “Challenges In Maximizing Renewables In Oman’s Energy Mix”
 Our World In Data, Oman: Energy Country Profile by Hanna Ritchie and Max Roser
 Oman – Economy, Britannica
 The World Fact Book