Ukraine’s Energy Transformation

National Economy

The population of the Ukraine is approximately 43.46 million people[1]. In 2019, 100% of the people in this East European country had access to electricity[2].

In 2019, Ukraine’s economy was ranked 57th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP)[3]. The country’s economy[4] is dependent on the export of corn, vegetable oil, iron ore, and wheat.

Environment Policies

In 2014, civil war broke out in the Donbas region in eastern Ukraine. The Russia military intervened in the war and effectively annexed the eastern region of the Ukraine.

In 2016, the Ukraine signed the “Paris Climate Agreement”, committing to limit greenhouse gas emissions to 60% of 1990 levels by 2030. The Ukrainian government pledged to revise the commitment once the country’s territorial integrity had been restored.

In 2020, utilities used nuclear power (53.2%), coal (30.4%), renewable energy (15.4%), and natural gas (6.7%) to generate electricity in the Ukraine[5]. Hydropower, wind, solar are the primary types of renewable energy in the Ukraine.

Recent renewable energy projects in the Ukraine include:

  • 800 MW Wind Project – The Chinese (PRC) construction company, Power China and Ukrainian renewable energy company, WindFarm are continuing work on a wind farm in the Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine.
  • 500 MW Wind Project – EuroCape New Energy France is continuing work on the Zaporizhia wind park in the Zaporizhia region, southeastern Ukraine.
  • 32 MW Solar Project – In December 2020, the Norwegian renewable energy company, Scatec commissioned the Kamianka solar project in the Cherkasy region, central Ukraine.
  • 20 MW Biogas Project – Ukrainian renewable energy company, Clear energy is continuing work on a biogas power plant at a site approximately 150 miles west of the nation’s capital, Kyiv.


The history of the Ukraine includes centuries of invasion and subjugation by numerous foreign powers. After World War II, the Ukraine was subjugated and incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

The Ukraine gained its independence as a sovereign nation in 1991, following the dissolution of the USSR. However, the Ukraine’s political shift toward the European Union and the United States prompted Russia’s annexation of the Donbas region.

In 2014, Ukraine’s economy was dependent on inexpensive Russian natural gas and oil. Russia’s annexation of the Donbas region coupled with the Ukraine’s commitments to the Paris Climate Agreement, prompted an energy transformation in the Ukraine.

In 2020, 68.6% of Ukraine’s electricity was generated from zero-carbon power plants (nuclear and renewables). The country is heavily investing in renewable energy, continuing the Ukraine’s Energy Transformation.


Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


[1] Ukraine Population (2021)  –  July 24, 2021,

[2] Ukraine – The World Bank Group

[3] Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank

[4] The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) – Ukraine

[5] World Nuclear Association – Ukraine Electricity Sector, January 2021

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