Electrifying Mozambique With Renewable Energy

National Economy

The population of the Republic of Mozambique is approximately 32.22 million people[1]. In 2019, only 29.62% of the people in this country in Southeast Africa had access to electricity[2].

In 2019, Mozambique’s economy was ranked 124th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world[3]. The country’s economy is dependent on the export[4]  of coal briquettes, raw aluminum, natural gas, and raw tobacco.

Environment Policies

In 2016, Mozambique signed the Paris Climate Agreement[5], committing to cut 23 million tons of CO2 emissions from 2000-2024 and 53.4 million tons of CO2 emissions from 2025-2030. Mozambique’s commitment is conditional on international support.

In 2018, Mozambique’s government set the goal of providing electricity to 50% of the population by 2023. The plan calls for the construction of numerous hydropower and solar photovoltaic projects.

In 2020, the state power company, Electricidade de Moçambique used renewable energy (76%), petroleum (19%), and natural gas (5%) to generate electricity in the country[6]. Hydropower is the dominant source of renewable energy in Mozambique.

Recent renewable energy projects in Mozambique include:

  • 19 MW Solar + 2 MW Energy Storage Project – In June 2021, Spanish engineering firm, TSK Electronica & Electricidad commenced work on the Cuamba solar plus energy storage project at a site in the northwest region of the country.
  • 41 MW Solar Project – Portuguese engineering company, EFACEC Power Solutions is continuing work on the Metoro solar project at a site in the northeast region of the country. The solar project is scheduled to be commissioned by year-end 2021.
  • 120 MW Wind Project – In August 2020, British infrastructure company, EleQtra began work on the Namacha Wind Farm, located in southern Mozambique. The wind farm is scheduled to be commissioned in 2023.
  • 1,500 MW Hydropower Project – In May 2021, Electricidade de Moçambique announced that the construction of the Mphanda Nkuwa hydropower project, located on the Zambezi River in northwest region of the country will begin in 2021.

Conclusions

Mozambique has vast renewable energy resources, including hydropower, wind, solar, and biomass. The country’s renewable resources can easily provide sufficient power to electrify this beautiful African nation.

International aid agencies in Europe and the United States are now helping electrify Mozambique with clean, green, reliable energy.  

 

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

www.jack kerfoot.com

 

[1] Mozambique Population (2021) –  July 17, 2021, www.worldometers.info

[2] World Bank, “Access To Electricity (% Population) – Mozambique

[3] Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank

[4] The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC) – Mozambique

[5] Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”

[6] US AID, Mozambique Power Africa Fact Sheet,  May 20, 2021

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