In 2018, Mozambique’s economy was ranked 133rd in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is dependent on agriculture and the export of minerals including iron ore, tantalite, gold, and bauxite.
In 2016, Mozambique signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to cut 23 million tons of CO2 greenhouse gas emissions from 2000-2024 and 53.4 million tons of CO2 equivalent in emissions from 2025-2030.
In 2018, Mozambique’s government set the goal of providing electricity to 50% of the population by 2023. The plan calls for the construction of numerous hydropower and solar photovoltaic projects.
In 2018, the state power company, Electricidade de Moçambique used petroleum (55.1%) and renewable energy (44.9%) to generate electricity in Mozambique. Hydropower is the dominant source of renewable energy in the country.
Recent renewable energy projects in Mozambique include –
- 41 MW Solar Project – In October 2020, French renewable energy company, Neoen began work on Metoro solar power project, located in northeast Mozambique. The solar project is scheduled to be commissioned in 2021.
- 120 MW Wind Project – In August 2020, British infrastructure company, EleQtra began work on the Namacha Wind Farm, located in southern Mozambique. The wind farm is scheduled to be commissioned in 2023.
- 120 MW Solar Tender – Mozambican government has just launched a tender for the construction of three 41 MW solar projects. One solar project will be built in province of Sofala, Niassa and Tete, Mozambique.
- 1,500 MW Hydropower Project – Electricidade de Moçambique has announced plans to build the Mphanda Nkuwa hydropower project, located on the Zambezi River in northwest Mozambique. The hydropower project is scheduled to be commissioned in 2028.
Mozambique has significant renewable energy resources, which if developed could provide electricity to everyone in the country.
Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. The country’s goal of providing electricity to 50% of the population by 2023 will only be achieved with substantial foreign aid.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 Energypedia – Mozambique, August 25, 2020
 Worldometer, GDP by Country – Mozambique
 Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”
 “Mozambique Energy Situation” – Energypedia, August 25, 2020