Columbia’s Future Is Clean, Green Energy

The population of the Republic of Columbia is approximately 51.09 million people[1]. In 2018, 99.94% of the people in this South American country had access to electricity[2].

In 2018, Columbia’s economy was ranked 39th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP)[3]. The country’s economy is dependent on the export of petroleum, coffee, gold, gem stones, platinum, plastics, fruits, and nuts.

In 2016, Columbia signed the Paris Climate Agreement[4], committing to an unconditional 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to business as usual. The country also committed to a 30% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 with international support.

In 2016, the Columbian government launched the Energy Plan 2050 which was designed to diversify the country’s energy resources to mitigate the risk of major power outages. Energy Plan 2050 is intended to increase the non-hydroelectric renewable energy power projects, including wind, solar, and geothermal.

In 2017, Columbia’s utilities used renewable energy (71.0%), natural gas (10.8%), oil (10.6%) and coal (7.6%) to generate electricity[5]. Hydropower is the dominant source of renewable energy in Columbia.

In October 2019, Columbia’s Ministry of Mines and Energy awarded seven companies long term power purchase agreements in the country’s 2nd renewable energy auction. Construction has now begun on all these renewable energy projects, which have a total capacity of 1,289.9 MW.

Columbia has announced a 3rd renewable energy tender will be held in the first quarter of 2021. Columbia’s renewable energy tenders are designed to increase the country’s non-hydroelectric power capacity from 50 MW in 2019 to 2,200 MW by 2022.

Columbia has significant renewable energy resources, including hydropower, wind, solar, and geothermal; which can easily meeting the country’s current and future power requirements. The 2019 and 2021 renewable energy auctions will increase Columbia’s power from wind, solar, and hydropower to over 90% by 2022.

The Republic of Columbia has set a clean, green, renewable energy future for their country.


Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”

[1] Republic of Columbia Population (2020) –  November 18, 2020

[2] The World Bank – Republic of Columbia

[3] Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank

[4] Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”

[5] Energias Renovables, El Periodismo de las Energias Limpias, June 10, 2020

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