The Maldives Future Depends On Green Energy

The population of the Republic of Maldives is approximately 0.54 million people[1]. In 2018, 100% of the people in this island country in the Indian Ocean had access to electricity[2].

In 2018, the Maldives’s economy was ranked 154th in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world[3]. The country’s economy is heavily dependent on tourism, shipping, and exports of fish, coconuts, and textiles.

In 2016, Maldives signed the Paris Climate Agreement[4], committing to an unconditional reduction in greenhouse gas emission of 10% by 2030, compared to business-as-usual. The country also made a conditional commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 24%, contingent on international support.

In 2019, the state-owned electric company, STELCO used oil (95%) and renewable energy (5%) to generate electricity across the island nation[5]. Solar is the primary source of renewable energy in the Maldives.

The government of the Maldives has recently announced a tender for solar photovoltaic units for four different islands in the archipelago nation. The tender is part of the program, Preparing Outer Islands for Sustainable Energy Development (POISED),which is designed to reduce reliance on costly, polluting diesel oil. The Asian Development Bank is funding the Maldives’ solar project.

The Maldives consists of approximately 1,200 small islands, coral atolls, and sandbanks. The archipelago nation extends over 510 miles from north to south and 80 miles from east to west. Island nations, like the Maldives are most susceptible to global warming and the steady rise in sea level.


Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”



[1] Maldives Population (2020) –  October 27, 2020

[2] World Bank, “Access To Electricity (% Population) – Maldives

[3] Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank

[4] Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”

[5] International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) – Maldives

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