The population of the Portuguese Republic (Portugal) is approximately 10.20 million people. In 2018, 100% of the people in this country, located on the Iberian Peninsula had access to electricity.
In 2018, Portugal’s economy was ranked 48th in the world in gross domestic product (GDP). The country’s economy is dependent on the manufacture and export of vehicles, machinery, plastics, clothing, furniture, paper, and cement.
In 2016, the European Union (EU) signed the Paris Climate Agreement and committed to a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emission by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. As a member of the EU, Portugal is committed to the Paris Climate Agreement.
Portugal is also committed to the EU’s “Renewable Energy Directive,” which requires each country to use renewable energy for 20% of its total energy needs by 2020 and 27% by 2030. The Portuguese government has committed to generate 80% of the country’s electricity from renewable energy by 2030.
In 2018, the state-owned electric utility, Energias de Portugal (EDP) used renewable energy (51.8%), natural gas (26.2%), coal (20.1%), and oil (1.9%) to generate electricity in the country. Wind, hydropower, biomass, and solar are the primary sources of renewable energy in Portugal.
Recent significant renewable energy projects in Portugal include:
- 74 MW Solar Projects – German renewable energy company, WiNRG has recently commissioned three separate solar projects which have a total capacity of 74 MW in the Portuguese municipalities of Amareleja, Cartaxo and Ferreira do Alentejo.
- 72 MW Solar Projects – German renewable energy company, WiNRG has recently completed the construction of two separate solar projects which have a total capacity of 72 MW in the Portuguese municipalities of Santarém and Moura. The two solar projects are scheduled to be connected to the grid in January 2021.
- 59 MW Solar Project – German renewable energy company, WiNRG has begun construction on a solar project in the Portuguese municipality of Lagos. The solar project is scheduled to be commissioned by year-end 2021.
- 25 MW Floating Wind Project – In January 2020, the pilot floating wind project, WindFloat was commissioned. The pilot project is located approximately 12 miles of the northern coastal Portuguese town of Viana do Castelo.
Portugal has significant undeveloped wind and solar renewable energy potential, which can meet the country’s current and future power requirements. The Portuguese government is investing wisely in renewable energy to ensure the country can be carbon neutral by 2050.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 Portugal – The World Bank Group
 Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank
 Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”
 International Energy Agency – Portugal Electricity 2018