In 2018, Guinea’s economy was ranked 132nd in gross domestic product (GDP) in the world. The country’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture and the export of bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, and gold.
In 2012, Guinea’s government established an energy policy that established the goal of increasing the access to electricity from 26.8% in 2011 to 50% in 2020. The energy policy also envisioned increasing the share of power from renewable energy and increasing access to clean cooking oil.
In 2016, Guinea signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to a 13% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, compared to 1994 levels, contingent on international support. Guinea’s commitment excludes land use and forestry conservation.
In 2016, state-owned utility Electricité De Guinée used renewable energy (67.9%) and oil (32.1%) to generate electricity in the country. Hydropower is the primary source of renewable energy in the country.
- 450 MW Hydropower Project – In September 2020, China International Water & Electric Corporation, a state-owned company of the People’s Republic of China completed the construction of the Souapiti Dam, located approximately 70 miles northeast of Guinea’s capital, Conakry.
- 82 MW Solar Projects – German renewable energy company, Clean Power Generation has announced plans to build three solar projects, which will be located in the town of Boké, approximately 100 miles northwest of Conakry and the coastal town of Kamsar, approximately 30 miles southwest of Boké.
Virtually all of the fuel oil used by the state-owned utility, Electricité De Guinée must be imported. Although global oil prices have fallen, the cost to import foreign oil negatively impacts Guinea’s economy, which is one of the poorest countries in the world.
Guinea has significant hydropower, solar, and biomass renewable energy resources, which if developed could provide electricity to everyone in the country. However, substantial international aid will be required if this country is going to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase access to electricity to everyone in this west African country.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 World Bank, “Access To Electricity (% Population) – Guinea”
 Gross Domestic Product 2019 – World Bank DataBank
 Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”
 The World Bank – Guinea