Electrifying Mozambique With Renewable Energy

The population of the Republic of Mozambique is approximately 31.41 million people[1]. In 2020, only 16% of the people in this southeast African country have access to electricity[2].

Mozambique’s economy is ranked 37th among the forty-seven countries in Sub-Sahara Africa[3]. The country’s economy is dependent on agriculture and the export of minerals including iron ore, tantalite, gold, and bauxite.

In 2018, the state power company, Electricidade de Moçambique (EdM) used petroleum (55.1%) and renewable energy (44.9%) to generate electricity in Mozambique[4]. Hydropower is the dominant source of renewable energy in the country.

In 2016, Mozambique signed the Paris Climate Agreement[5], committing to cut 23 million tons of CO2 equivalent emissions from 2000-2024 and 53.4 million tons of CO2 equivalent in emissions from 2025-2030. The commitments were contingent on financial support from developed countries.

In 2018, the Mozambique government set the goal of providing electricity to 50% of the population by 2023. The plan called for the construction of 12 mini hydropower plants and extensive use of solar photovoltaic systems.

In July 2019, Mozambique power company, EdM issued a request for an expression of interest from companies to build three to five solar parks in the country. The solar parks would be connected to the power grid and would have a total capacity of 60 MW.

In August 2020, British infrastructure development company, EleQtra commenced construction on the Namacha wind farm, located in southern Mozambique. The 120 MW capacity wind farm is scheduled to be completed in 2023.

Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. It is unlikely that the country’s goal of providing electricity to 50% of the population by 2023 will be achieved.

Mozambique has significant solar, hydropower, wind, and biomass renewable energy resources, which if developed could provide electricity to everyone in the country. This beautiful, southeast African country will require substantial international aid, if the goal of providing electricity to this nation are to be achieved.


Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


[1] Mozambique Congo Population (2020) –  September 9, 2020 www.worldometers.info

[2] Energypedia – Mozambique, August 25, 2020

[3] The Heritage Foundation – Mozambique

[4] “Mozambique Energy Situation” – Energypedia, August 25, 2020

[5] Carbon Brief “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Climate Pledges”

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