Renewable Energy Is Critical To Lithuania’s Independence

The population of the Republic of Lithuania is approximately 2.79 million people[1]. In 2018, national utilities used renewable energy (84.8%), natural gas (10.9%), and petroleum (4.3%) to generate electricity in the country[2]. Wind and hydropower are the dominant sources of renewable energy in Lithuania.

On March 11, 1990, the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania was signed by all members of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania. The act formerly announced the restoration of the independence of Lithuania, which had been invaded and subsequently occupied by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) since June 1940.

On May 1, 2004, Lithuania became a member of the European Union (EU). As a member of the EU, Lithuania signed the Paris Climate Agreement in 2016,  committing to a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emission by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

Lithuania is also committed to the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive, which requires each country to produce from renewable sources at least 16% of all energy consumed by 2020. This target must be met by 40% from renewable electricity, 12% from renewable heat and 10% from the renewable transport sector.

Lithuania’s energy strategy is to transform the country’s power generation structure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The country’s goal is to generate over 70% of the electricity produced from renewable energy.


The Lithuania Ministry of Energy has announced plans to hold the country’s first a tender for an offshore wind farm. The site for the wind farm is approximately 18 miles off the coast and covers an area of 53 sq. miles. The formal tender for the 700 MW capacity wind farm is scheduled to be held in 2023.

In July 2020,  Lithuanian renewable energy company, E Energija began construction on a wind farm located approximately 155 miles northwest of the county’s capital, Vilnius. The 70 MW capacity wind farm is scheduled to be completed by year-end 2021.

Lithuania’s move from fossil fuels to renewable energy is one critical step for the country to maintain independence from its neighbor, Russia. Lithuania cherishes its independence after seventy years of subjugation by the USSR.

Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


[1] Lithuania Population (2020) –  Worldometer, August 23, 2020

[2] International Energy Agency – Lithuania

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