Philippines Tries To Curb Its Coal Dependence

The population of the Republic of the Philippines is approximately 109.58 million people[1]. In 2018, utilities used coal (52%), renewable energy (27%), and natural gas (21%) to generate electricity in the country[2]. Geothermal, hydropower and solar are the primary sources of renewable energy in the Philippines.

In 2016, the Philippines signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to a 70% reduction in greenhouse gases by 2030, relative to a business-as-usual scenario[3]. In July 2019, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte announced plans to increase the development of new renewable energy projects in the country.

The Philippines Department of Energy (DOE) intends to double the country’s renewable energy capacity by 2030. The country’s DOE will also allow consumers to demand that their energy is sourced from renewable energy.

Philippine energy company, AC Energy Philippines have commenced work on two new solar projects on the island of Luzon in the Philippines –

  • 75 MW Solar Project – The project is located approximately 40 miles north of the country’s capital, Manila. The project is scheduled to be completed by year-end 2021.
  • 75 MW Solar Project – The project is located in Palauig, Zambales, approximately 100 miles northwest of Manila. The project is scheduled to be completed within the first quarter of 2022.


Policies aside, the Philippines is still heavily dependent on inexpensive coal to fuel the majority of the country’s electrical power. The cost of electricity in the Philippines is among the highest in Asia[4]. How power costs make it difficult to attract foreign investment, especially with a global pandemic.


Jack Kerfoot

Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”


[1] Philippines Population (2020) –  August 21, 2020

[2] The ASEAN Post – “Why Is The Philippines So Focused On Coal?” August 22, 2020

[3] Carbon Brief – “Paris 2015: Tracking Country Pledges”

[4] Solar Ready PH – “Philippine Power rate is one of the highest in Southeast Asia”


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