The population of the Italian Republic (Italy) is approximately 60.46 million people. In 2018, utilities used natural gas (50.9%), renewable energy (39.8%) and coal (9.3%) to generate electricity in Italy. The primary sources of renewable energy in Italy are hydropower, biomass, solar, and wind.
As a member of the European Union (EU), Italy must comply with the “2030 Framework for Climate and Energy.” The framework mandates all EU countries cut greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 from 1990 levels and use renewable energy to generate 27% of the country’s electrical power.
Italy has reduced greenhouse gas emissions by moving from coal-fueled power plants to renewable energy. The government plans to increase the country’s total renewable energy capacity from 34,500 MW in 2017 to over 63,000 MW in 2030.
Italy’s largest energy company, Enel Group has also committed to the reducing the country’s greenhouse gas emissions. The company has announced plans to develop 700 MW capacity of new renewable energy projects by 2022. Enel Group’s current projects include the construction of two, utility scale wind farms and power enhancement of existing hydroelectric plants.
Italy has implemented energy policies that have reduced greenhouse gas emissions and also improved the economy. Italy imports the majority of their coal and natural gas, which contributes to the country’s staggering debt. Moving from imported fossil fuels to renewable energy improved Italy’s economy and also reduced the cost of electricity.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”