The Republic of Ghana has a population of approximately 31.07 million people. In 2019, power plants in the west African country used natural gas (51%) and renewable energy (49%) to generate electricity. Hydropower is the primary source of renewable energy in Ghana.
In Ghana, over 80% of the people have access to electricity, one of the highest rates for countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, the country experiences frequent power outages due to the inconsistent supplies of natural gas from Nigeria via the West African Gas Pipeline.
The Volta River Authority is responsible for power generation in Ghana. Distribution of electricity is split between the Electricity Company of Ghana, which covers the southern regions, and the Northern Electricity Distribution Company, which covers the northern regions.
In 2016, Ghana signed the Paris Climate Agreement and committed to reduce its greenhouse gas emission by 45% by 2030, compared to “a business as usual” levels. In 2019, Ghana signed an agreement with the World Bank to reduce carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
Ghana frequent power outages have negatively impacted the country’s economic development. The government is now looking to replace the inconsistent supply of natural gas with the country’s undeveloped renewable resources, like wind and solar.
Swiss engineering company, NEK Umwelttechnik AG has announced plans to develop several wind farms in Ghana, which will have a total capacity of 1,000 MW. The company plans to develop this mega wind project near the town of Amlakpo, which is approximately 55 miles northeast of the capital of Accra.
Ghana is turning to clean, green renewable energy to provide reliable electrical power for the country. Developing countries around the world may soon be looking to Ghana on how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while and stimulating their country’s economy.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 U.S. Energy Information Agency
 “Ghana Signs Landmark Deal with World Bank to Cut Carbon Emissions and Reduce Deforestation,” July 9, 2019