The population of the Federative Republic of Brazil is approximately 212.67 million people. In 2018, power plants used renewable energy (81.7%), natural gas (8.7%), petroleum (6.0%), coal (2.3%) and nuclear energy (1.3%) to generate electricity in the country. Over 85% of Brazil’s total renewable energy capacity is from hydropower.
In 2016, Brazil signed the Paris Climate Agreement, committing to reduce carbon emissions by 37% by 2025 and 43% by 2030. The Brazilian government plans to increase the country’s electrical generating capacity from wind and solar by 2027.
In 2019, Italian multinational energy company, Enel commenced operation on Nova Olinda solar park, located in eastern Brazil. The 292 capacity solar park is the largest operating solar power facility in Latin America.
In January 2020, Brazilian wind and solar power developer, Casa dos Ventos broke ground on the Rio Vento wind farm, located in northeast Brazil. The 504 MW capacity wind farm is scheduled to be completed by year-end 2021.
Spanish multinational utility company, Iberdrola is continuing work to expand the Paraiba wind farm, located in northeast Brazil. Once completed, the wind farm will have a total capacity of 565 MW. The current expansion to the Paraiba is scheduled to be completed by 2023.
Brazil has the ninth largest nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the world. However, Brazil is considered a developing country due to its low GDP per capita, high infant mortality rate, and low living standards.
As a developing country, Brazil will be challenged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while invigorating the economy. Fortunately, Brazil does have the renewable energy resources to move completely away from fossil fuels to clean, green energy like hydropower, wind, solar, and biomass.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”
 Brazil Population (2020) – Worldometer, www.worldometers.info
 U.S. Energy Information Agency
 World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019. International Monetary Fund