The population of the Kingdom of Sweden is approximately 10.10 million people. In 2017, utilities used renewable energy (51.6%), nuclear power (39.1%), coal (5.6%) and natural gas (3.7%) to generate electricity in the country. Hydropower is the dominant source of renewable energy in Sweden, generating 40% of the country’s electricity.
Sweden government has established energy and climate policies to achieve 100% renewable energy in electricity generation by 2040. The country’s energy policies give preference carbon-neutral technology and measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions cost effectively.
Although nuclear power plants emit zero greenhouse gases, the Swedish government’s plan is to reduce and ultimately eliminate the use of nuclear power. The government believes that utility scale wind projects can replace the power from the country’s nuclear power plants.
Swedish power company, Vattenfall is continuing work on the Blakliden-Fäbodberget wind farm, which is located in northern Sweden. The wind farm will consist of 84 wind turbines, which will have a total capacity of 353 MW. The Blakliden-Fäbodberget wind farm is forecast to commence operations in 2022.
Over 90% of Sweden’s electricity is generated from power plants that generate virtually zero greenhouse gas emissions. The country should be able to replace the fossil fuel (coal and natural gas) power plants over the next ten years. However, replacing the power from the nuclear power plants with utility scale wind farms and solar parks may be a much greater challenge by 2040 for Sweden.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”