The population of the French Republic (France) is approximately 67.06 million people. In 2017, utilities used nuclear power (71.6 %) renewable energy (18.0 %), natural gas (8.6 %) and coal (1.8 %) to generate electricity in the country. The primary source of renewable energy in France is hydropower and onshore wind farms.
Although nuclear power plants emit zero greenhouse gases, the French Parliament adopted legislation in 2015, that limits nuclear power generation. The Energy Transition for Green Growth bill reduces the percentage of electricity produced from nuclear fuels to 50% by 2025.
As a member of the European Union (EU), France must comply with the “2030 Framework for Climate and Energy.” The framework mandates all countries cut greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 from 1990 levels and use renewable energy to generate 27% of the country’s electrical power.
France has been slow to develop offshore wind, compared to the United Kingdom, Germany, or Denmark. The French government is now committed to the development of renewable energy, especially offshore wind projects.
EDF Renewables, headquartered in San Diego, California has announced that construction will begin on an offshore wind farm located 8 miles off the northwest coast of France. The project will consist of 71 wind turbines and have a total capacity of 497 MW. The project is scheduled to begin operation in 2023.
The United States has significantly greater offshore wind than the entire continent of Europe. Offshore wind could be a cost effective replacement for coal or natural gas fueled power plants along the eastern and western seaboard of the United States.
Website – “Our Energy Conundrum”