The current population of the Republic of Turkey is approximately 83.56 million people. In 2017, utilities used renewable energy (35%), natural gas (34%) and coal (31%) to generate electricity in the country. Hydropower, wind and geothermal are the primary sources of renewable energy in Turkey.
Turkey’s demand for energy has been increasing due to a growing population and economic growth. The country’s energy policy puts energy supply, energy security and the environment as the highest priority. Turkey’s government is now emphasizing the development of renewable energy projects.
Turkey’s energy ministry has awarded four onshore wind projects, which have a total capacity of 1,000 MW to Enercon GmbH and Enerjisa Enerji Anonim Sirk. Enercon, headquartered in Aurich, Germany is the fourth-largest wind turbine manufacture in the world. Enerjisa, headquartered in Ankara, Turkey produces and distributes electricity in Turkey.
All the wind farms will be located on Turkey’s western coast in the provinces of Balikesir, Canakkale, Aydin and Mugla. Enerjisa was awarded wind projects in the provinces of Canakkale and Aydin. Enercon was awarded wind projects in the provinces of Balikesir and Mugla.
Turkey’s energy ministry has also recently awarded five onshore wind projects, which have a total capacity of 158 MW to Türkerler and RT Enerji. Türkerler, headquartered in Ankara, Turkey is a multinational construction and renewable energy company. RT Enerji, headquartered in Denver, Colorado is an international energy company.
The wind farms will be located on Turkey’s western coast in the cities of Izmir, Bilecik, Sakarya and Istanbul. GE Renewable Energy has been chosen to supply the equipment and service agreement for each of the five wind farms. GE Renewable Energy, headquartered in Paris provides renewable energy power generating equipment and solutions.
Turkey must import almost all the county’s oil and natural gas, which is used for heating and transportation. Foreign oil and gas imports are expensive and have constrained the country’s economic growth. The cost of power from these wind projects ranges U.S. 3.5 ¢ per kWh to 4.6 ¢ per kWh. Clean, wind energy will provide secure, reliable energy, reduce air pollution and save the consumers money.
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