The current population of the United Kingdom, also known as “Britannia,” is approximately 67.00 million people. In 2018, utilities used natural gas (39.5%), renewable energy (35.9%), nuclear power (19.5%) and coal (5.1%) to generate electricity in the country. Wind, solar and biomass are the primary sources of renewable energy in the United Kingdom.
As a member of the European Union (EU), the United Kingdom must comply with the “Renewable Energy Directive.” The United Kingdom has already surpassed the EU’s mandate that each country must use renewable energy for 20% of its total energy needs by 2020 and 27% by 2030. However, the United Kingdom is continuing to develop renewable energy to replace fossil fuel and aging nuclear power plants.
The construction of the Hornsea One offshore wind farm is continuing on schedule. Once completed , the 1,200 MW capacity project will be the largest wind farm in the world. Hornsea One is located approximately 75 miles off the east coast of England in the North Sea. Hornsea One is scheduled to be completed and fully operational in 2020.
In 2018, 17.1% of the United Kingdom’s total electrical power was generated from onshore and offshore wind farms. As the United Kingdom prepares to exit the EU, offshore wind projects will be the center piece of the country’s future energy policy.
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