The current population of the state of California is estimated to be 39.75 million people. In April 2019, state utilities used renewable energy (63.5%), natural gas (27.0%), nuclear (9.3%) and coal (0.1%) to generate electricity. Solar, hydropower, wind, biomass and geothermal are the primary sources of renewable energy in California.
California utilities have incurred significant costs to replace infrastructure destroyed from forest fires. The utilities have also closed inefficient, coal-fueled power plants. These costs have contributed to California’s high electricity prices. In April 2019, the average cost of electricity in California was U.S. 18.05 ¢ per kWh, which is the 7th most expensive state in the United States. The average price of electricity in the United States is 13.3 ¢ per kWh.
Concerns over climate change have prompted state leaders to accelerate the move from fossil fuels to renewable energy. On September 10, 2018, Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill mandating 50% of California’s electricity be powered by renewable resources by 2025, 60% by 2030 and zero-carbon electricity emissions by 2045.
California utilities have moved swiftly to develop, new renewable projects. Southern California electricity provider, Clean Power Alliance (CPA) has recently signed three long-term, power purchase agreements for two new solar projects and one hydropower project.
The two solar projects are the 233 MW capacity, Arlington Solar farm in Riverside Country and the 40 MW capacity, Rosamond Solar farm in Kern County. The hydropower project is the 12 MW capacity, Isabella facility in Kern County.
CPA, headquartered in Los Angeles, California is an electricity provider that was established in 2017. CPA provides clean, renewable energy to approximately 3 million customers in 31 communities in Southern California.
Northern California electricity provider, San José Clean Energy (SJCE) has recently signed a long-term, power purchase agreements for a new solar projects in Fresno County, California. The Sonrisa Solar Park has 100 MW capacity and 10 MW of battery storage.
SJCE, headquartered in San José, California is an electricity nonprofit provider that began operation in 2019. SJCE provides clean, renewable energy to approximately 333,00 customers in the city of San José.
California’s goal is to achieve zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045, through transportation electrification, renewable energy, energy storage, nuclear energy and grid modernization. The state has made significant progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions even with the pending bankruptcy of PG&E, the state’s largest utility.
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