The current population of the Republic of Turkey is approximately 82.98 million people. In 2017, utilities used renewable energy (35%), natural gas (34%) and coal (31%) to generate electricity in the country. Hydropower, wind and geothermal are the primary sources of renewable energy in Turkey.
Turkey’s demand for energy has been increasing due to a growing population and economic growth. The country’s energy policy puts energy supply, energy security and the environment as the highest priority. Turkey’s government now intends to continue the development of renewable energy projects.
Turkey’s energy ministry has recently awarded onshore wind projects, which have a total capacity of 1,000 MW to Enercon GmbH and Enerjisa Enerji Anonim Sirk. Enercon, headquartered in Aurich, Germany is the4 fourth-largest wind turbine manufacture in the world. Enerjisa, headquartered in Ankara, Turkey produces and distributes electricity in Turkey.
All the wind farms will be located on Turkey’s western coast in the provinces of Balikesir, Canakkale, Aydin and Mugla. Enerjisa was awarded the wind turbine projects in the provinces of Canakkale and Aydin. Enercon was awarded the wind turbine projects in the provinces of Balikesir and Mugla.
The cost of power from these wind projects ranges U.S. 3.5 ¢ per kWh to 4.6 ¢ per kWh. Turkey has few hydrocarbon resources and must import almost all oil and natural gas for fuel. Air pollution from fossil fuels is toxic in major cities like Istanbul, Ankara, Erzurum and Bursa. The clean, green wind energy projects will provide secure, reliable energy, reduce air pollution and save the consumers money.
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