Climate change advocates have been arguing the importance of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. How do we effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions? We must first identify the major sectors that generate greenhouse gas emissions in the United States.
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the major sector that generate greenhouse gas emissions in 2016 were transportation (28.5%), electricity generation (28.4%), industry (22%), residential (11%), and agriculture (9%). The primary source for all greenhouse gas emissions is from the burning fossil fuels for transportation, electricity generation and heating.
America’s utility and industrial sectors have been steadily moving from fossil fuels to renewable energy for power generation over the past twenty years. The trend to move from fossil fuels to renewable energy is expected to continue in the utility and industrial sectors for the next decade. Transportation is forecast to be the leading source of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, until electric vehicles (EV) begin to replace internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV).
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) that it will invest up to $59 million for “innovative advanced vehicle technology research.” Research funding topics include solid-state batteries, electric motor research, energy efficient mobility systems, predictive modeling capabilities for the co-optimization of fuels, new materials and engine technologies for high-efficiency powertrains and technology integration.
Under Secretary of Energy, Mark W. Menezes said, “Through this funding opportunity, we are looking to partner with the best and brightest minds across the country to drive early-stage R&D for vehicle technologies forward, so that all Americans can access more affordable, secure, and reliable transportation.”
New break troughs in EV technology include increasing the driving distance on a single charge, shortening the recharging charging time to be comparable to refueling your ICEV and driving down the EV purchase price. In my opinion, I believe more new EVs will be purchased in the United States than ICEVs by 2025. When EV replace ICEV than greenhouse gas emissions in the United States will decrease by over one billion metric tons per year! That is reason alone to buy an EV.
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