The current population of the Republic of Lithuania is approximately 2.87 million people. Lithuania currently imports approximately 70% of its power from European countries. In 2017, the power plants that generated electricity for the country used fossil fuels (73%) and renewable energy (27%). The primary source of renewable energy for Lithuania is biomass. The Lithuanian government is aggressively developing renewable energy in the country to reduce the cost of expensive fossil fuel imports and to reduce CO2 emissions.
The Lithuanian Business Support Agency (LSBA) has awarded U.S. $267,000 to support development of an experimental floating solar photovoltaic power plant at Kruonis hydroelectric plant. The floating solar project will be developed by Lietuvos Energijos UAB with technical support from scientists at the Kaunas University of Technology (KTU). Lietuvos Energijos is the state-owned energy company, headquartered in Vilnius, Lithuania. KTU, located in Kaunas, Lithuania is a member of the European University Association and the International Association of Universities.
The floating solar is resistant to ice and waves, will be designed to adjust to water-level variations. The project is scheduled to be completed in 2021. Once completed, the project will have a capacity of 200 MW to 250 MW. Lithuania is continuing to push forward with renewable energy and away from fossil fuel.
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