The Federal Republic of Germany has an estimated population of 82.4 million people. In January 2019, utilities in the country used fossil fuels (46.7%), nuclear energy (13%) and renewable energy (40.6%) to generate electricity in the country. Currently, coal is the primary source of fossil fuel and wind is the primary sources of renewable energy in Germany.
Germany’s dependence on nuclear power and expensive natural gas imports from Russia contribute to the exceptionally high electricity costs. In 2018, the average cost of electricity in Germany was 33 ¢ per kWh, compared to 12 ¢ per kWh in the United States. The German government are aggressively pursuing the development of onshore and offshore wind farms to replace fossil fuel power plants.
In 2018, 1,305 offshore wind turbines were installed in German waters, which had a total capacity of 6,382 MW. Another 276 MW of offshore wind capacity was fully installed in 2018, but has yet to be connected into Germany’s grid. Currently 966 MW of offshore wind turbines is currently under construction in German waters. The German Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy recently reported that the offshore wind industry has invested more than U.S. $ 17 billion since 2013.
The United States has significantly greater offshore wind energy potential Germany and even Europe. In my opinion, offshore wind can replace fossil fuel power plants along the eastern and western sea board. States along the eastern sea board of the United States are aggressively developing major offshore wind projects. Unfortunately, the progressives on the west coast haven’t opened their eyes to the potential of offshore wind energy.