The Republic of India has an estimated population of 1,363.18 million people. In 2018, utilities in the country used fossil fuels (79.8%), nuclear energy (2.9%) and renewable energy (17.3%) to generate electricity in the country. Coal is the dominant source of fossil fuel. Hydropower and wind are the primary sources of renewable energy in India.
India is a developing country that is rapidly modernizing. Industrial development has caused the country to shift from traditional biomass and waste fuels to more energy efficient sources, like fossil fuels. India now ranks as the fourth largest energy consuming country in the world, following the People’s Republic of China (PRC), United States and Russia. India is now heavily dependent on expensive fossil fuels for electricity and transportation.
In 2015, government of India announced plans to increase renewable power capacity to 175,000 MW by 2022, which is a five
fold increase in seven years. The plan included increasing solar energy by 100,000 MW, wind energy by 60,000 MW, biofuels by 10,000 MW and hydropower by 5,000 MW. Although India has fallen behind their solar energy schedule, they have exceed their wind energy schedule. India is now the fourth largest developer of wind energy in the world, following the PRC, United States and Germany.
Wind energy projects are continuing to be developed across India. Sprng Energy Private Limited has recently announced that Nordex has been selected to provide the wind turbines for the Mulanur wind farm in the state of Tamilnadu, which is located in southern India. Sprng Energy develops renewable energy projects and is headquartered in Pune, India. Nordex manufactures wind turbines and is headquartered in Rostock, Germany.
The Mulanur wind farm will have 100 AW140/3000 turbines, which will have a total capacity of 300 MW. Construction of the wind farm is scheduled to begin in May 2019. The Mulanur wind farm is scheduled to begin operation in the first quarter of 2020. The 120 meter concrete towers, wind turbines and rotor blades will all be built in India by Nordex.
I applaud India’s commitment to move from fossil fuel to renewable energy. The move to renewable energy is being driven by poor air quality and economics. India’s largest cities have some of the worst air pollution in the world. Toxic air quality is a major cause of death in urban areas in India.
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