The Republic of China (Taiwan) currently has an estimated population of 23.72 million people. The power plants on the island nation use fossil fuel (85.9%), nuclear power (8.3%) and renewable energy (5.8%) to generate electricity. Taiwan’s fossil fuel power plants primarily use coal and liquefied natural gas (LNG) for fuel. Hydropower and solar are the primary sources for renewable energy in Taiwan.
Taiwan imports all of their fossil fuels, which is a major burden on the country’s economy. In 2009, the government of Taiwan passed the Renewable Energy Development Act which was designed to increase renewable energy in the country. The country has passed additional renewable energy legislation in an effort to move from expensive fossil fuels to clean, renewable energy. The country is now moving forward with the develop of offshore wind farms.
On June 22, 2018, Taiwan’s Minister of Economic Affairs announced that Ørsted had been awarded contract to build the 920 MW capacity offshore wind farm. Ørsted has recently announced that Siemens Gamesa has been awarded the contract for the wind turbines. Ørsted is a multinational power company, headquartered in Fredericia, Denmark. Siemens Gamesa is a major manufacturer of wind turbines and is headquartered in Biscay, Spain.
The wind farm will be located approximately 35 miles off the west coast of Taiwan. Ørsted is scheduled to commence construction on the offshore wind farm in 2021. Siemens Gamesa will be using the latest “typhoon-proof” technology for the wind turbines.
Economically, the development of renewable energy in Taiwan will dramatically reduce the country’s dependence on expensive fossil fuels. Environmentally, renewable energy should substantially improve the toxic air quality in metropolitan cities like Taipei. In my opinion, Taiwan is making positive progress in the development of their country’s renewable energy resources. In my opinion, a major push toward renewable energy is long overdue by the United States.