Winds offshore are more intense and uniform than on land. The potential energy produced from wind is directly proportional to the cube of the wind speed. A small increase in the wind speed can produce a significantly greater amount of electricity. As an example, a wind turbine can produce 50% more electricity with an average wind speed of 16 miles per hour then when the average wind speed is 14 miles per hour.
The higher offshore wind intensity has resulted in the development of offshore wind farms. To date, twenty-six offshore wind farms have been built in the world, all in Europe (Germany 10, United Kingdom 10, Denmark 3, Belgium 2 and Netherlands 1).
The offshore wind energy potential on the west and east coast of the United States is significant, but virtually undeveloped. The United States and Denmark have announced the signing of a cooperation agreement to share information on offshore wind development in the United States. Denmark is a leader in the development of offshore wind farm projects. The Danish company, Ørsted is reportedly pursuing offshore wind farm projects off the coasts of New Jersey and Virginia.
President Trump has been an outspoken supporter of the coal, oil, gas and nuclear energy. In my opinion, the US-Denmark offshore wind farm collaboration agreement is welcome news. The United States must develop an energy policy and I believe renewable energy will be an essential component of such a policy.